The Influence of Moral Panics, Public Anxieties and Short-Term Political Calculations on Youth Justice Reforms

The English youth justice system is a locus of persistent reform which is driven by a complex array of extraneous factors (Goldson, 2010). Underlying the various transformations which the youth justice system has taken is the tension between research-based knowledge alongside practice-based evidence and a variety of outside influences such as the emotive public, the…

‘Penal Populism’, Democracy and the Controversies of Extending Public Involvement in Decision-Making and Extending the Influence of the Public in Criminal Justice Policy-Making

Extending public involvement in decision-making and responding to public opinion in criminal justice policy-making is an inherently complex task riddled with controversies. Critics of extending public involvement and responding to public opinion in policymaking tend to highlight how the public are regularly misinformed and prone to misperception; this in turn can lead to the exploitation…

The Theoretical Pitfalls and Effects of the U.K. Counter-Terrorism Policy: “Prevent” on Muslim Communities.

“If the idea was to understand the roots of extremism, the roots of radicalisation, by putting a magnifying glass across the Muslim communities of Great Britain, what has happened is that has widened the schism between the ‘Muslim’ us and the British ‘other’.” – Aminul Hoque, a Lecturer at the University of London. Following the…

Critical reflection on the disproportionate usage of police force against black citizens in America

In the United States of America, the disproportionate usage of police force against black citizens has proved to be a contentious topic and not a new phenomenon (Fleetwood, 1982). Historically, the issue of excessive force being disproportionally utilised against black Americans has affected many regions within the United States of America; however, honourable mentions go…